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Technique | Sculptural

Sculptural technique are neither painterly or drawn, but the rather cut, molded, glued, sewn, and manipulated, and constructed. Artists who work with three-dimensional art photograph the result to create the illustration. The sculptural technique includes assemblage, collage, cut paper, fabric, and modeling clay. These compositions are photographed.

ASSEMBLAGE: Assemblage is a three-dimensional composition in which a collection of objects is unified in a sculptural work. The compositions are then photographed.
COLLAGE: Collage illustrations are three-dimensional designs created by gluing flat elements such as paper, fabric, wood, photographs, string, etc. to a flat surface; the compositions are then photographed.
BAS-RELIEF: Bas-relief are three-dimensional, cut-paper collages. The bas-relief technique involves gluing media onto foam board. Images in bas-relief project slightly from the background. Foam board (also called foam core) is lightweight board of polystyrene laminated with paper on both of its sides. It is available in a variety of thicknesses and colors. It is used as a surface on which to mount two-dimensional work or to construct three-dimensional work.
CLAY (PLASTICINE): Plasticine is a brand name of modeling clay. Modeling clay is an oil-based product that does not dry out and can be melted and cooled repeatedly. It does not harden beyond its original state, which makes it easy to manipulate and mold with fingertips.
CUT-PAPER: McClure's illustrations are cut from a single piece of black paper using an X-Acto knife. If she makes a mistake, she continues on, trying to find a solution. The result is then scanned and colored digitally.
FABRIC AND SEWING: Fabric and thread is unique medium in illustrations, the compositions take many painstaking hours to create, which are then photographed.
SCHERENSCHNITTE: Scherenschnitte (German for "scissor cuts") is the art of cutting paper into decorative forms. It is cut from a single sheet or folded piece of paper to create a symmetrical design. Founded in Switzerland and Germany in the 16th century, the art was brought to Pennsylvania by Swiss and German immigrants in the 18th century.
SCULPTED PAPER: The three-dimensional illustrations made of paper that has been cut, painted, sculpted, and glued.
EMBROIDERY: A variety of needlework techniques are used to create the illustrations, including embroidery and fabric collage.
TORN (CUT) PAPER COLLAGE: Two-dimensional images created by strategically cutting and arranging cut and torn paper; the compositions are then photographed. Illustrators who work in this medium use specialty and recycled paper; some make their own handmade paper.


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